What is Polyethylene Glycol?
Being a Polyether compound, Polyethylene Glycol is ideal for numerous applications that might range from industrial usage to the field of medicine. It turns out to be a synthetic resin crafted by carrying out the procedure of polymerizing ethylene glycol belonging to the series of water-solvent oligomers. Such polymers are exceptionally used as waxes or even the solvents and have been the main ingredient in anti-freeze. Since, it is adapted for using in various fields, the effects comes out to be separate too. When the reaction takes place between ethylene glycol and water, a variety of products are can produced having ethylene glycol units.
Major Uses of Polyethylene Glycol:
It is an effective ingredient, which finds application in variety of industries like food, pharmaceuticals, textile, chemical, biological and even the manufacturing process of polymers. Well, PEG or Polyethylene Glycol tends to be solvent in water, ethanol, methanol, acetonitrile, dichloromethane and benzene. On the other hand, it is considered insoluble in diethyl ether as well as hexane. On getting joined with hydrophobic molecules on usage, PEG is intended to manufacture non-ionic surfactants. Apart from this, PEG happens to contain potential toxic impurities like dioxane and ethylene oxide.
Industries Where Polyethylene Glycol is Mainly Required:
It is considered as the base of laxatives and has been considered as important in manufacturing numerous medicines. On coupled with varied protein medications, PEG happens to allow easy clearing of excessive protein in the blood.
Here, it is effectively used as lubricating coating for aqueous and non-aqueous environs. As a water soluble polymer, PEG is considered highly essential in creating osmotic pressures. Moreover, this exclusive ingredient is also helpful in conducting bio-membrane experiments. And also, it tends to prove fruitful in being used as preservatives.
Considering its effective use in biological turn, PEG is utilized for DNA isolation, fusion of B-cells with myelomas and making foam cushions. Along with this, other side of biological use calls for concentrating viruses and creating Gene therapy vectors. Not just limited to this; it is also used as a potentiator for boosting the detection process of antibodies and antigens.
On getting combined with glycerine, it is exceptional for usage as skin creams and toothpastes. Apart from this, its low-molecular formulations act as ink solvents and lubricants for print heads.
PEG and its derivatives are extensively used as lubricants, softeners, conditioning agents and antistatic agents for processing as well as finishing aids for textiles. Apart from this, the usage is also considered optimum for carding, spinning, knitting and weaving the fibres.
List of Top Manufacturers of Polyethylene Glycol Chemical Companies:
- Dow Chemicals
- Formosa Plastics
- Mitsubishi Chemicals
- LG Chem
- India Glycols
- Reliance India Limited
Polyethylene Glycol Formula: C2nH4n+2On+1
Conclusion on Textile Industry:
Considered as one of the most important industrial sections on Global Front, textile industry has grown extensively with the support of Polyethylene Glycol. As a perfect softener and lubricant, it is applied in varied procedures to keep the work flow of spinning, printing and knitting going intact. Without it, the manufacturing process cannot run smoothly.